Tips to Keeping Cool in hot Weather to Avoid Sunstroke and Heat Exhaustion – Ministry of Health


The Saudi Ministry of Health has released six methods for cooling the body in case of heat stroke or heat exhaustion, the most crucial of which are applying cold compresses and drinking water.

What Are Symptoms of Heat Stroke?

The hallmark symptom of heat stroke is a core body temperature above 104 F.

  1. Fainting
  2. Throbbing headache
  3. Dizziness and light-headedness
  4. Lack of sweating despite the heat
  5. Red, hot, and dry skin
  6. Muscle weakness or cramps
  7. Nausea and vomiting
  8. Rapid heartbeat, which may be either strong or weak
  9. Rapid, shallow breathing
  10. Behavioral changes such as confusion, disorientation, or staggering
  11. Seizures
  12. Unconsciousness

How to Prevent Heat Stroke?

The Riyadh Health through its official Twitter handle advised the following measures that can be taken to cool a sunstroke victim’s body.

  1. Spraying the body with cold water and then sitting in front of a fan.
  2. Moving to a shelter area or going to an Air-conditioned room or a car.
  3. Taking a cold bath or immersing the body with water in the bathtub.
  4. Drinking a sufficient amount of water.
  5. Taking off any excess clothes.
  6. Placing cold compresses on the neck and armpits.

Do not use ice for older patients, young children, patients with chronic illness, or anyone whose heat stroke occurred without vigorous exercise. Doing so can be dangerous.

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