The World’s Most Powerful Passports in 2023


Exploring the World’s Top Passports

The ability to travel the world with ease is a dream for many, and a passport’s power plays a significant role in making this dream a reality. Each year, the Henley Passport Index ranks the world’s passports based on the number of destinations their holders can visit without obtaining a visa. The 2023 rankings are out, and we’re here to provide an overview of the world’s most powerful passports according to the latest index.

Henley Passport Index

The Henley Passport Index is a prestigious global ranking system that evaluates the strength of passports from around the world. Updated regularly, the index measures the number of visa-free or visa-on-arrival destinations each passport provides access to, serving as a valuable tool for travelers, policymakers, and investors alike. Established in 2006 by Henley & Partners, a leading global citizenship and residence advisory firm, the index is based on data from the International Air Transport Association (IATA) and additional in-house research. The Henley Passport Index is widely recognized as a reliable and authoritative source for understanding global passport strength and the freedom of movement each passport affords its citizens.

Top 10 Most Powerful Passports of 2023

#1: Japan: 193 Destinations

Topping the list for yet another year, the Japanese passport reigns supreme as the world’s most powerful passport. Holders of a Japanese passport can visit an impressive 193 destinations without the need for a visa, granting them unparalleled freedom to explore the globe.

#2: Singapore, South Korea: 192 Destinations

Sharing the second spot, Singapore and South Korea’s passports offer their holders visa-free access to 192 destinations. These countries’ strong diplomatic relations and thriving economies have contributed to their high rankings, enabling their citizens to travel the world with minimal restrictions.

#3:Germany, Spain: 190 Destinations

Germany and Spain share the third position in the 2023 Henley Passport Index, allowing their citizens visa-free access to 190 destinations. Both countries’ passports are highly valued due to their European Union membership, which grants them access to a multitude of countries without visa requirements.

#4: Finland, Italy, Luxembourg: 189 Destinations

Next on the list, we have Finland, Italy, and Luxembourg, with their passports granting visa-free travel to 189 destinations. These countries’ strong international ties and EU membership give their passport holders the freedom to explore numerous countries effortlessly.

#5: Austria, Denmark, Netherlands, Sweden: 188 Destinations

Coming in at fifth place, Austria, Denmark, the Netherlands, and Sweden offer their citizens the opportunity to visit 188 destinations without a visa. These EU countries are known for their high quality of life and strong diplomatic relations, making their passports highly sought after by global travelers.

#6: France, Ireland, Portugal, United Kingdom: 187 Destinations

The passports of France, Ireland, Portugal, and the United Kingdom grant visa-free access to 187 destinations. As influential countries in Europe, their passports continue to be highly regarded, allowing their citizens to travel the world with ease.

#7: Belgium, New Zealand, Norway, Switzerland, United States, Czech Republic: 186 Destinations

Sharing the seventh spot, the passports of Belgium, New Zealand, Norway, Switzerland, the United States, and the Czech Republic enable their holders to visit 186 destinations without a visa. These countries’ strong international ties and high global standing contribute to their passports’ impressive ranking.

#8: Australia, Canada, Greece, Malta: 185 Destinations

Australian, Canadian, Greek, and Maltese passports grant their holders visa-free access to 185 destinations. Their passports’ high rankings reflect these countries’ strong economies and international relationships, providing their citizens with numerous travel opportunities.

#9: Hungary, Poland: 184 Destinations

Ranking ninth, Hungary and Poland offer their citizens visa-free travel to 184 destinations. As EU members, their passports’ strength is a testament to the countries’ economic growth and international standing.

#10: Lithuania, Slovakia: 183 Destinations

Rounding out the top 10, Lithuania and Slovakia’s passports provide visa-free access to 183 destinations. These EU countries’ passports are increasingly powerful, reflecting their continued economic development and global connections.

Below are additional rankings from the 2023 Henley Passport Index:

Passport issuing countryVisa-free
1 Japan193
2 South Korea192
3 Germany191
4 Finland190
5 Austria189
6 France188
 United Kingdom188
7 Belgium187
 Czech Republic187
 New Zealand187
 United States187
8 Australia186
9 Hungary185
10 Lithuania184
11 Latvia183
12 Estonia182
13 Iceland181
14 Malaysia180
15 Liechtenstein179
16 United Arab Emirates178
17 Romania176
18 Chile175
19 Hong Kong172
20 Argentina171
21 San Marino170
22 Andorra169
23 Brunei167
24 Barbados162
25 Israel160
26 Saint Kitts and Nevis156
27 Bahamas155
28  Vatican City154
29 Seychelles153
30 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines151
60 Antigua and Barbuda150
 Trinidad and Tobago150
62 Costa Rica150
63 Saint Lucia147
64 Grenada146
66 Dominica145
68 Macau144
71 Paraguay142
72 Peru136
74 Colombia133
77 El Salvador132
 Solomon Islands132
80 Tonga130
81 Venezuela129
82 Nicaragua128
84 North Macedonia125
85 Kiribati124
87 Marshall Islands123
87 Moldova121
89 Palau120
90 Russia118
 Bosnia and Herzegovina118
93 Georgia116
94 Albania115
95 Turkey110
96 South Africa106
97 Belize103
98 Qatar100
99 Vanuatu98
100 Kuwait97
101 East Timor94
102 Ecuador92
103 Nauru90
104 Maldives89
105 Fiji88
107 Botswana87
110 Papua New Guinea83
111 Oman82
 Saudi Arabia82
113 Bolivia80
114 Namibia79
115 Thailand78
117 Lesotho77
118 Suriname76
120 Eswatini75
121 Malawi74
122 Kenya73
123 Tanzania72
124 Indonesia71
126 Tunisia70
 Dominican Republic70
129 Gambia69
130 Philippines67
132 Armenia66
 Cape Verde66
135 Cuba65
138 Kyrgyzstan64
 Sierra Leone64
140 Mozambique62
142 Benin61
144 Tajikistan60
 São Tomé and Príncipe60
146 India59
149 Burkina Faso58
150 Gabon57
 Ivory Coast57
153 Equatorial Guinea56
156 Togo55
158 Mali54
160 Algeria53
168 Central African Republic52
170 Angola51
172 Burundi50
174 Liberia49
177 Djibouti48
178 Myanmar47
179 Ethiopia46
181 Eritrea44
 South Sudan44
183 Iran43
184 DR Congo42
 Sri Lanka42
188 Bangladesh41
191 North Korea40
192   Nepal38
194 Somalia35
195 Yemen34
196 Pakistan32
197 Syria30
198 Iraq29
199 Afghanistan27


The 2023 Henley Passport Index rankings highlight the power and influence of a nation’s passport. A strong passport opens doors to numerous travel opportunities, granting its holders the freedom to explore.

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